Mental Health Media

Dismantling Anti-Blackness in the Latinx Community

Dismantling Anti-Blackness!

Black Lives Matter


What You Need to Know to Get Started (Luis Cornejo, LMFT)

As many of us continue to pledge ourselves to support the Black Lives Matter Movement by practicing anti-racism and dismantling anti-blackness in our communities, it’s important to start the work from within. We need to evaluate how we ourselves have engaged in anti-blackness while committing to ongoing growth, learning, and dismantling systems of oppression. This is no easy task and it’s why saying “I’m not racist” is no longer enough. For too long we have attempted to escape the discomfort of challenging our prejudicial and internalized beliefs about race, within our own context and that of others. As someone who identifies as part of the Latinx community, I grew up in a home laced in subtle yet prominent views about Black people. These views were not positive or accurate. Yet, they were wired into many of us and we almost subconsciously adopted them ourselves. Here’s the thing, having negative views about dark skin tones isn’t only wrong, but it also leads to us questioning our own worth if we aren’t “light” enough or have “white enough features.”  In fact these views permeate a deeper level of hate and anger known as internalized racism. 

When we talk about internalized racism we need to understand the root of it. If we trace back and focus specifically on American history (not just the U.S, but all of the Americas) we find atrocities committed against people of color during both colonization and slavery. These two atrocities, for example, have led to a tremendous amount of historical and inter-generational trauma for people of color (POC). Within these experiences are years and years of intentional miseducation about our identities, our bodies, our beliefs as POC. You don’t have to look far to see how, when confronted with situations involving white people, many of us with darker skin tones in the Latinx community often feel discomfort. We don’t always feel like we belong. Skin tone is the most apparent part of our identity and often tells a story. Many of us grew up with deep levels of shame based on our skin tone, eye color, and even hair color. Think about it, the shame and guilt of not being “acceptable” enough often ate away at us. Then think about the messages you received about your culture, your family, your views, and your beliefs. This constant retraumatization is an after effect of the dismantling of our ancestors and their knowledge. When the Spanish first arrived and interacted with the natives, their main goal was to overtake. This meant there was no space for our cultural treasures (aside from the gold) to exist. The Spanish spent strategic time destroying sacred temples, art, documents, and systems to overtake and install their own. All of this feeds into the narrative of oppression and control. It’s why we grew up watching white characters on tv and rarely saw ourselves represented. It’s why we learned to devalue people based on their skin tone no matter how much we said “I’m not racist” but then turned around and said, “I wish my skin wasn’t dark.”

It’s not possible to think that we can battle racism and practice anti-racism without also dismantling it from within. White privilege has resulted from the advantage of a system structurally designed to benefit white people which has  led to racism. In turn, this advantage for white people has become a structural disadvantage for people of color and has resulted in internalized racism and oppression.

Ways that We Engage in Anti-Blackness (Camila Pulgar, LCMHCA)

I personally think that the first step is to recognize that we are all wired with racist and biased views and behaviors, we all have them. Latinxs are very color-conscious, we can point out times our tias calling our cousins “negrito” “negrita” or praise those who are more “blanquitos”. This is the mentality that needs to change in order to engage in deeper, meaningful growth. We must reflect on how we think about Black people that are not our friends, family members, or loved ones. 

Countries in Latin America have a history of preferencing and favoritism towards lighter skin tones versus darker skin tones. I am originally from Chile, where we are currently experiencing a large fluctuation of Haitian immigrants, and I have heard my family members call them “dirty” “nasty” and overall lower class citizens. It makes me angry, sad, but I am not surprised. It is not their fault that we are part of a system where white supremacy is so engraved in our history. However, we must hold our loved ones accountable when we hear them say derogatory things towards non-white, Blacks, Afro-Latinx.

 

What We Can Do to Dismantle Anti-Blackness (Camila Pulgar, LCMHCA)

**Fair warning: this is not going to be easy. 

First and foremost, and to quote the wonderful, Michelle Morales: “it starts with you”.

Here is the thing, we have a deep and real issue of colorism in our Latinx culture rooted in slavery and the slave trade in Latin America. If you are not familiar with that history, read about it (“The Spanish conquest in America” book is a good place to start). 

Those of us who identify as a light-skinned, non-Black, white-passing Latinx have a responsibility to dismantle anti-Blackness in our community. We need to get over the fear that speaking against the anti-blackness narrative will make us less Latinx or will make our family members upset. Know that those feelings are real and the discomfort is hard to sit with. We are trying to end years of a problem that is so deep-rooted in our culture’s DNA that dismantling it will take action as well as time. These are some of the things that have been helpful for me (a fellow light-skinned, white-passing Latinx) in doing my own anti-racism work:

  •  “It starts with you” Reflect. Nurture your self-awareness. Ask yourself questions like: How have I benefited from my whiteness or lighter skin color?, How have I been “wired” to think about Blackness? How do I feel towards non-white, Black, Afro-Latinx that are not my loved ones? 
  • Heal. There is no denying that white Latinx have also experienced oppression such as being undocumented or making fun of because of their accent. Heal your own history of oppression. (I did say this wasn’t going to be easy, didn’t I?)
  • We can no longer ignore that this is a problem. This is my invitation to action. Now that you have reflected, looked inside, and healed. What are you willing to do about it? 
    • AMPLIFY-this has been a trend on social media lately, but seriously, take a look at the accounts you follow on social media and ask yourself these questions: are these accounts amplifying voices of Black, Brown, Afro-Latinx folks?, Am I following Afro-Latinx influencers, makers, designers, writers, poets, teachers, counselors? Do these accounts help me while I do my own anti-racism work? 
    • Do the inner anti-racism work. There is not a secret recipe for this one. You will have to look inward and reflect on where your own biases, and places for growth. Seek out training, workshops, books, articles, friends who you can talk to about this and not feel judged.  
    • As you are able and feel like you have the bandwidth, recruit others to do this work with you. We need more voices, more experiences, more movement.
    • Put actions behind your words. Protest. Donate. Vote.
  • Rest. Machupicchu wasn’t built in a day. Recharge. Repeat.

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About the author

Luis is a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist who graduated from Long Beach State University with a Masters degree in Counseling Psychology (2015). He also has a Bachelors's degree in Child and Adolescent Development with an emphasis on Public Policy from San Francisco State University (2011). Luis has over 9 years of experience working with children and families both in education and mental health. Previously, Luis worked for a non-profit agency in San Francisco, CA providing mental health consultation in early head start programs and SFUSD pre-schools. Currently, Luis works at Kaiser in San Francisco providing mental health services.

His therapeutic interests include working with Trauma, the LGBTQ community, Children, Families, Couples, and POC. His personal interests include; Films, Reading, Writing, Art, Travelling, Disney, and Food. He is also a recipient of the California State Stipend award (2015). PsychoSocial is part of Luis' dedication to mental health and an example of his passion to educate others. Luis hopes that through PsychoSocial he will be able to help in the fight to end the stigma around mental illness.​​

#EndtheStigma

Camila Pulgar, LCHMHA

Camila A. Pulgar Guzmán (pronouns she/her/ella) is an immigrant from Chile living in North Carolina for the last 15 years of her life. Camila holds an LCHMHA Licensed Professional Counselor Associate) license, and is currently working towards her Ph.D. in Counseling Education and Supervision. She is passionate about Latinx Mental Health concerns, suicide prevention, research, and policy. Camila manages @salud_mentalhealth account and has a consulting business. Camila enjoys talking about social justice issues and addressing white privilege within our Latinx community. She has a dog named Luna and enjoys spending with her husband.